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Introduction

 

This work was originally designed to update the 1973 edition of Jordan Y. Millerís Eugene OíNeill and the American Critic. But as our digging deepened, our circumference widened. Professor Miller had directed his attention to the matter of American OíNeilliana and OíNeillians. That was appropriate since his work was an outgrowth of activities begun in the early 1950s when OíNeill was almost exclusively the province of the American theater, and American theater historians, critics and scholars. In the last half century, however, the American theater has become much more a part of the global theatrical community. And the many productions of OíNeillís work outside of the United States both in English-speaking countries and elsewhere, as well as the large number of published translations of even his minor plays, give ample testimony to OíNeillís growing internationality.

As a result, in taking up where Professor Miller stopped, 1973, and carrying on through the end of 1999, we have tried also to range beyond the English-speaking world in our survey of the OíNeill experience. We should note that we have included a few items that pre-date 1973, items that escaped the Miller bibliography (in 1973, remember, WorldCat, MLAIB, and DAI were not online and instantly updated).

Millerís bibliography also included productions and reviews. But productions for him meant usually first productions only. And of course first means also normally (though not absolutely in OíNeillís case) American. Here we take a new direction. We have, first, widened American to mean English-language productions and, second, included as many as we could find. Then in a separate section we have tried to do the same for productions in foreign languages. Of course many, possibly most, have escaped our noticeóthose by community theaters, summer stock companies, college and university theaters. And few newspapers that might review or, at the least, notice their productions publish indexes or preserve their fugitive lives in microfilm. But the conclusions capable (we hope) of being drawn from the production information we have garnered should be indicative, or, at the least, suggestive, of the OíNeill condition in America and, we hope, the world in the last quarter of the twentieth century.

A word about reviews. A bibliography about a writer usually only contains primary and secondary material. Reviews are tertiary. They can, however, be illuminating, especially when they point towards interpretations. Here they enter the area of criticismónot just of performance, but of text. So we have listed some reviews, even at times with annotations.

Return to "An Annotated International Bibliography"

 

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